No 23a - 2012
DTAP-IPV/HIB vaccination coverage 2011
DTAP-IPV/HIB vaccination coverage 2011
Vaccination coverage was calculated on 16 April 2012 on the basis of person-identifiable data from the national Childhood Vaccination Database. There is a 2-3 month delay from a vaccination is administered until it is registered in the Childhood Vaccination Database.
The reported coverage provides a minimal estimate as only vaccinations performed in Denmark and by GPs are included. Furthermore, it has been demonstrated that under-reporting to the Childhood Vaccination Database does occur, EPI-NEWS 20/12.
Method of calculation
In cases where GPs used the same vaccination code at all three vaccinations of the same child, the codes have automatically been changed to include the missing codes. The numerator is therefore e.g. the number of children born in 2010 who received the initial DTaP-IPV/Hib vaccination, and the denominator is the number of children from the birth year residing in Denmark when the data were analysed.
As in previous years, the codes were settled using one of the parent's civil registration number and subsequently ascribed to the child whose age corresponded to that recommended for the vaccination in question. Any vaccination delay will facilitate an increase in vaccination coverage over time.
DTaP-IPV/HIB 1, 2 & 3
Among the entire 2011 birth cohort, a total of 84% had received the first and 66% the second DTaP-IPV/Hib vaccination. The low coverage observed for these vaccinations was foreseeable as vaccination of this cohort had not been concluded at the calculation date.
In the birth cohorts 2002-2010, a total of 89-94% had received the first, 88-93% the second and 87-91% the third DTaP-IPV/Hib vaccination.
Coverage showed a slightly decreasing trend from birth cohort 2002 to birth cohort 2005. As from birth cohort 2007, coverage for the two first vaccines has followed a slightly increasing trend.
The coverage for birth cohorts 1996-2005 was 81-84%; the lowest coverage corresponds to birth cohorts 1999 and 2000, the highest to cohorts 1997, 1998 and 2003. For the 2006 cohort, vaccination was expected not to have been concluded at the calculation date.
The DTaP-IPV/Hib 3 coverage for birth cohorts 2008-2010 and the DTaP-IPV revaccination coverage for birth cohorts 2004-2006 were slightly lower in Copenhagen City, i.e. the municipalities of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg, Tårnby and Dragør, than in the remaining parts of Denmark, Table 3.
Coverage data at municipal level are available at www.ssi.dk/data as figures and map views. DTaP-IPV/Hib3 data for birth cohorts 2008-2010 show that coverage was at its lowest in the municipalities of Lolland (74-84%), Samsø (82-86%) and Ishøj (83-87%), while the highest coverages were seen in Rebild (93-95%), Hjørring (92-95%) and Herning (92-94%).
With regard to DTaP-IPV/Hib revaccination, coverage was at its lowest in the municipalities of Lolland (49-71%), Fanø (58-70%) and Vordingborg (67-75%), while the highest coverages were recorded in Ballerup (79-90%), Skanderborg (83-89%) and Egedal (81-87%).
Since birth cohort 2007, a slight increase has been observed in the DTaP-IPV/Hib vaccination coverage at 3 and 5 months. The increase is limited, but consistent. However, nearly 10% of the birth cohorts do not receive one or more of the three primary DTaP-IPV/Hib vaccinations.
In contrast, DTaP-IPV revaccination coverage has not increased, but remains stable at a level corresponding to revaccination of only four in every five children at the age of five years. Even though these figures are minimal estimates, the DTaP-IPV revaccination coverage is not satisfactory.
The calculation of coverage at the municipal level is sensitive to municipal size, but does, nevertheless, reveal a considerable intermunicipal variation of nearly 20 percentage points for DTaP-IPV/Hib 3 and as much as 24 percentage points for DTaP-IPV revaccination.
Previous studies have demonstrated that vaccination coverage is lower among children of very young mothers and mothers > 30 years, children of single parents, children who have many siblings and children of non-Danish origin, EPI-NEWS 20/11. Health personnel should be particularly attentive to increasing vaccination coverage in these groups.
(P.H. Andersen, L.K. Knudsen, P. Valentiner-Branth, Dept. of Infectious Disease Epidemiology)
6 june 2012