The Danish Childhood Vaccination Programme offers vaccination against nine infectious diseases to all children in Denmark, free of charge. In addition, girls are also offered the HPV (human papillomavirus) vaccine (also known as the vaccine against cervical cancer).

Childhood vaccination prevents diseases that can otherwise be very serious for children. Some of these childhood illnesses are very infectious, such that all children will be infected and develop disease if they are not vaccinated. Such diseases include measles, mumps, rubella (German measles) and whooping cough.